There are simple recipes for skin care routines for each skin type. When talking about skin types, we can distinguish normal skin, dry skin, oily skin prone to acne and combination skin.
Normal skin can be classified as normal if it is not particularly greasy or dry, and aging, acne and sensitivity arenot a problem. Morning routine includes a sulphate-free cleansing. Toners should be free of SD alcohol 40, denatured alcohol, ethanol, and isopropyl alcohol. Hydrating creams with SPF are very desirable because they have a dual role - care and protection. Night skin care routine consists of the same cleansing product and toner, but you can add antioxidant serum to the routine and apply it before night cream. Additional benefit for normal skin can also be glycolic acid. Several times a week will remove accumulated dead cells and help the skin in the natural regeneration process.
Dry skin has a damaged barrier, and thus, through fine cracks in the skin, it loses moisture. A non-foaming cleansing milk is an excellent choice for cleansing and care of dry skin. Alcohol-free toner will help your skin maintain balance. Antioxidants are high on the list of desirable ingredients for dry skin. Vitamins A, C, and E during the day help in collagen production. After serum application, be sure to apply SPF protection. Night care starts with the same mild cleansing lotion, toner and serums that will help the skin keep a young look and reduce signs of aging. Retinols and retionoids prevent premature aging of the skin due to moisture loss, nourishing and smoothing the skin. Hydrating cream contains lipids that are naturally found in the skin, to facilitate regeneration and moistening during the day and night. Dry skin reacts well to a mild chemical peel. If the skin is dry, it means that there are also dead cell. To allow active ingredients to penetrate deeper into the skin, the goal is to first remove dead cells, then apply other products.
Oily skin is a skin that has greater oil glands and high sebum content. It is genetically conditioned. The skin produces excess sebum; therefore, the goal is to reduce cell activity and sebum production with light hydration. Morning facial care routine starts with a facial cleansing gel. Alcohol-free toner containing water-retaining humectants, will help the skin stay hydrated but not oily. Moisture without added oil is the best way to hydrate the skin. Do not avoid the steps to hydrate the skin, because in this way the skin may think that it is dehydrated and actually induces additional oil production to compensate. Creams with protective SPF containing zinc oxide are a good choice for oily skin. Night care should consist of a skin cleanser, toner and serum AHA / BHA acidic which will help reduce the appearance of the pores and illuminate the skin. If you are prone to acne, look for ingredients like salicylic acid and tea tree oil. Retinols help oily skin look smooth. Do not avoid hydration. You can further purify and soothe the skin with clay masks.
Combination skin in some areas is dry, while some are greasy. It would be good to use care for both types, but it's also possible to meet it in the middle. Morning facial care routine consists of a cleansing gel for oily skin, but if you notice that your skin is dry or you have a feeling of tightening, switch to dry skin products. The oily skin toner can help with the greasy parts but watch for dry parts. Mixed skin needs a light cream that is not oil-free. SPF for mixed skin should be zinc oxide. Night care consists of a cleansing gel, toner, AHA / BHA serum, retinol and light hydrating creams. The clay mask and this type helps in purifying and refreshing the facial skin.
Photography: Laurence Laborie